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Respondent = any student who began the survey

Cohort = respondents categorised by course year, i.e., first year undergraduate, final year undergraduate, or taught postgraduate

Mode of study = respondents categorised by nature of enrolment, i.e., full-time or part-time/ remote

Programme type = respondents categorised by type of qualification being pursued, i.e., Undergraduate Certificate/ Diploma, Undergraduate Ordinary Degree, Undergraduate Honours Degree, Graduate Certificate/ Diploma, or Masters Taught

Field of study = respondents categorised by broad ISCED field of study, i.e., Generic programmes and qualifications; Education; Arts and humanities; Social sciences, journalism, and information; Business, administration, and law; Natural sciences, mathematics, and statistics; Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs); Engineering, manufacturing, and construction; Agriculture, forestry, fisheries, and veterinary; Health and welfare; or Services

Country of domicile = respondents categorised by country of permanent address prior to entry to their programme of study, i.e., Irish domiciled students (students for whom Ireland, including Northern Ireland, is their country of permanent address) or internationally domiciled students (students for whom another country is their country of permanent address)

Effect size = any measure of the strength of a relationship between two variables. Large numbers of respondents make it more likely that any small difference will be statistically significant. Effect size attempts to measure real-world significance. The National Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE) proposed reference values for the interpretation of effect sizes from benchmark comparisons[1]:

Small = 0.1

Medium = 0.3

Large = 0.5

Very Large = 0.7


[1] NSSE (2007). Contextualizing NSSE Effect Sizes: Empirical Analysis and Interpretation of Benchmark Comparisons. Available HERE